RESOURCES

South Africa has developed a progressive and comprehensive policy framework for the in situ or incremental upgrading of informal settlements. This is set out in Part 3, Chapter 13 of the National Housing Code, the Comprehensive Plan for the Creation of Sustainable Human Settlements (Breaking New Ground) and the National Development Plan, Vision for 2030 (2011). Nevertheless, local authorities and practitioners have found the in-situ upgrading of informal settlements extremely challenging. This Resource Kit provides you with the latest thinking, information and approach to undertaking informal settlement upgrading, as well as training materials, to enhance the ability of practitioners and key stakeholders to implement upgrading initiatives

The purpose of this Resource Kit is to support effective informal settlement upgrading in South Africa.

The Resource Kit consists of:

Manual – This comprises thirteen chapters covering different aspects of informal settlement upgrading.

Training Materials – This comprises a participant’s booklet, facilitators guide and references.

In addition the facility to document and submit case studies of successful informal settlement upgrading projects and programmes is provided. If you have a case study that you would like to add we would welcome your contribution. 

Please contact us here

South Africa has developed a progressive and comprehensive policy framework for the in situ or incremental upgrading of informal settlements. This is set out in Part 3, Chapter 13 of the National Housing Code, the Comprehensive Plan for the Creation of Sustainable Human Settlements (Breaking New Ground) and the National Development Plan, Vision for 2030 (2011). Nevertheless, local authorities and practitioners have found the in-situ upgrading of informal settlements extremely challenging. This Resource Kit provides you with the latest thinking, information and approach to undertaking informal settlement upgrading, as well as training materials, to enhance the ability of practitioners and key stakeholders to implement upgrading initiatives

The purpose of this Resource Kit is to support effective informal settlement upgrading in South Africa.

The Resource Kit consists of:

Manual – This comprises thirteen chapters covering different aspects of informal settlement upgrading.

Training Materials – This comprises a participant’s booklet, facilitators guide and references.

In addition the facility to document and submit case studies of successful informal settlement upgrading projects and programmes is provided. If you have a case study that you would like to add we would welcome your contribution. 

Please contact us here
Once you've completed and implemented your training you can submit your Case Study right here in video or pdf format
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This list of key words will ensure you understand all there is to know in your training material

SOCIAL ASSETS

The different resources people are able to draw on or the ‘building blocks’ which make people stronger in their life strategies. Examples are their skills and abilities, their access to resources for example savings or plants to grow for food, and the personal relationships they can turn to for help.

BACKLOG

An accumulation of uncompleted work or matters needing to be dealt with. In the human settlement sector it refers to the number of housing units that still need to be built for poor households living in below standard housing conditions or without housing.

BASIC SERVICE

Basic services within the South African context refers to access to minimum standards of water, sanitation, electricity and refuse collection. The definition of minimum standards is not clearly defined and different stakeholders apply different standards. Generally it could include any combination of the following:

Water

Piped water inside the yard or within 200m of the yard

Sanitation

Flush toilet on a reticulated sewerage system, linked to a septic tank or a PIT latrine with ventilation

Refuse removal

Regular house to house collections of various types or communal skip

Electricity

Connection to the grid with different levels of loading capacity

BUSINESS PLAN

A business plan is a formal statement of a set of programme or business goals, the reasons they are believed attainable, and the plan (including a programme and budget) for reaching those goals. It may also contain background information about the programme or organisation attempting to reach those goals.

BROWNFIELD LAND

Land that has already been developed and building work either rebuilds or expands on the existing structures.

CAPITAL

Working jointly with others or together to achieve a defined and common purpose.

COMMUNITY ENGAGEMENT

Community engagement is a planned process with the specific purpose of working with identified groups of people, whether they are connected by geographic location, special interest, or affiliation or identity to address issues affecting their everyday life and well-being.

COMMUNITY EMPOWERMENT

Community empowerment refers to the process of enabling communities to increase control over their lives. It is the process by which communities increase their assets and attributes and build capacities to gain access, partners and networks. The essence of community empowerment is to give individuals and groups within a community a ‘voice’ and ‘choice’.

DEMOCRACY

Democracy is a form of government in which all eligible citizens participate equally – either directly or, through elected representatives. There are many contemporary forms of Democracy, but the word has come to imply universal suffrage, competition for office, freedom of speech and the press, and the rule of law.

DEVELOPER

A developer plans, finances and implements property developments for sale or to lease at their own risk.

DOLOMITE

A rock consisting largely of the mineral calcium magnesium carbonate CaMg (CO 3). A key characteristic of this type of rock is that it may become unstable when water seeps into the soil.

DOLINE

Presence of dolomite in the ground.

EVICTION

The removal of people from land which they have occupied or a tenant from possession of premises in which he or she resides or has a property interest. This is undertaken through a court action or by a landlord.

ENGAGE MEANINGFULLY

Share information, listen to input from individuals and the community, incorporate the input in the decision-making.

GREENFIELD LAND

Land that has not been developed and is empty.

FEASIBILITY PLAN

An evaluation and analysis of the potential of a proposed programme or project which is based on extensive investigation and research to support the process of decision making.

HOUSEHOLD

People living together in one house or shack and cooking their meal together (eating out of one pot) – they need not be related.

INCREMENTAL

Improving, increasing or adding on, especially in a regular series. In the human settlement sector this refers to building a house gradually, over time, bit-by-bit or improving services to a neighbourhood over time.

INEQUALITY

The quality of being unequal or uneven. It often relates to the contrast between rich and poor people in society.

IN SITU UPGRADING

Developing or improving an informal settlement on the land on which it is located, without relocating the households.

INSTITUTIONAL ARRANGEMENTS

The policies, systems, processes and relationships that organisations or programmes use to legislate, plan and manage their activities efficiently and to effectively coordinate with others in order to fulfill their mandate.

INTERNAL SERVICES

Engineering services located within the project area or neighbourhood (e.g. water reticulation, standpipes, VIPs, internal sewer reticulation, internal access roads and footpaths).

LITIGATION

Using a lawyer and the courts to get justice.

LIVELIHOODS

The resources (or assets) that people use to survive combined with the activities and strategies (or choices) that people make.

LITIGATION

Using a lawyer and the courts to get justice.

MEDIUM TERM EXPENDITURE FRAMEWORK

Budget split over a multi-year period (usually 3 or 5 years) for purposes of municipal, provincial and national budgeting.

MIGRATION

Moving from one place to another, usually from a rural home to a town or city, or from one town to another. Migration can either be permanent where people move from one place to another to stay permanently, or cyclical where they move for a period (for example to access work).

NON GOVERNMENTAL ORGANISATIONS

Is the term commonly used for an organisation that is neither a part of a government nor a conventional for-profit business. Usually set up by ordinary citizens, NGOs may be funded by governments, foundations, businesses, or private persons or generate revenue from services provided.

OFF GRID

When toilets or electricity points are provided which don’t require connections to the mains.

PARTICIPATORY PROCESSES

Participatory Processes are specific approaches employed to achieve active participation by all members of a group in a decision making process.

PERI-URBAN

The urban edge, which is usually a rapidly changing zone into which the town or city is expanding. It can be described as the interface between town and country, or also as the rural—urban transition zone where urban and rural uses mix and sometimes clash.

PLOT

A measured piece of land, also known as an erf, stand or site.

POVERTY

Condition where people’s basic needs for food, clothing, and shelter are not being met. Poverty is generally of two types:

  • Absolute poverty is synonymous with destitution and occurs when people cannot obtain adequate resources (measured in terms of calories or nutrition) to support a minimum level of physical health.
  • Relative poverty occurs when people do not enjoy a certain minimum level of living standards as determined by a government (and enjoyed by the bulk of the population) that vary from country to country, sometimes within the same country.

PRE-FEASIBILITY PLAN

A preliminary study undertaken to determine if it would be worthwhile to proceed to the feasibility study stage.

RESILIENCE

Ability to withstand shocks and stresses.

RIGHTS

Legal claims which place obligations on a third party, including the state.

ROLL OVER UPGRADING

Moving households off an area, dismantling the structures, preparing a new layout and building new houses.

SANITATION

The system that deals with human waste (toilets, sewerage pipes and sewerage disposal are part of the sanitation system).

SHOCKS

Unexpected events that contribute to household instability and that place them at risk, such as a death in the family.

SOCIAL CAPITAL

The “glue” or “fabric” of society including trust, behavioural norms, networks, contacts and connections’.

STORM WATER RUNOFF

Stormwater is water from rain or melting snow that “runs off” across the land instead of seeping into the ground. Generally speaking, stormwater is rain (also melting snow and ice) that washes off non absorptive surfaces such as driveways, parking lots, roads, yards, rooftops, and other hard surfaces.

SUSTAINABLE LIVELIHOODS

Livelihoods that are able to continue over time because they can cope with shocks and stresses: they are resilient.

TEMPORARY ENGINEERING SERVICES

Services provided on an interim or temporary basis ahead of permanent engineering services or until no longer required. These are usually at a lesser standard (e.g. VIPs or communal sanitation blocks instead of sewer connections or standpipes for water instead of water connections to every house).

TEMPORARY RELOCATION AREA (TRA)

These refer to temporary settlement areas where people are moved to while the permanent development of their area in underway.

UNLAWFUL OCCUPATION

A person or group who occupy land without the express or tacit consent of the owner or person in charge, or without any other right in law to occupy such land.

UPGRADING

Developing or improving an area.

VULNERABILITY

The probability of being exposed to risk .Vulnerability arises from the many dimensions of poverty, and conditions which exist in informal settlements add to peoples’ vulnerability.

WORK STREAM

Areas of activity into which a programme or company’s business plan may be divided in order to facilitate implementation.

Abbreviations

COGTA

Co-operative Governance and Traditional Affairs (the Department of)

DH

Department of Health

DHS

Department of Human Settlements

DSD

Department of Social Development

EH

Emergency Housing

EIA

Environmental Impact Assessment (and related environmental authorisations)

EPHP

Enhanced Peoples Housing Process

HSP

Housing Sector Plan

IDP

Integrated Development Plan

IRDP

Integrated Residential Development Programme

LUMS

Land Use Management Strategy (plan)

MIG

Municipal Infrastructure Grant

MTEF

Medium Term Expenditure Framework

NUSP

National Upgrading Support Programme

PHP

Peoples Housing Process

RAC

Rapid Assessment and Categorisation

RDP

Reconstruction and Development Programme

TRA

Temporary Relocation Area (usually funded by Emergency Housing subsidies)

UISP

Upgrading of Informal Settlements Programme

USDG

Urban Settlements Development Grant

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240 Justice Mahomed Street
Sunnyside
Pretoria
Private Bag X 645 (Minister)
Pretoria 0001
Private Bag X 644 (Director-General)
Pretoria 0001
Tel: +27 12 421 1311
Website: www.dhs.gov.za

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